Truck Campers – Do Not Overfill

Many truckcampers prefer to have their propane tank refilled as opposed to exchanging

20 lb Propane Tank
20 lb Propane Tank

them. Refilling of the propane is a better value than exchanging them at a big box store or truck stop. Refilling the tank so that you are not tied to a single supplier.

Blue Rhino Propane Tank
Blue Rhino Propane Tank

The exchanged tanks are generally filled with only about 15 lbs., 3.5 gallons of propane rather that the maximum limit of 20 lbs.  A standard 20 lb. refilled tank will weight 19.9 lb., about 4.7 gallons of propane.

 

20% Of Tank Is Needed For Expansion
20% Of Tank Is Needed For Expansion

Standard truck camper propane tanks are meant to be filled to no more than 80% capacity.  A valve at the top of the cylinder called “overfill protection device” (OPD) is required on all cylinders to prevent over filling.  The 20% is called “ullage” and allow for expansion during temperature swings which plays a major role.  The risk of overfilling is complicated by the fact that the liquid in the tank will expand in warmer weather as pressure in the tank increases from about 60 psi at 30 degrees F to about 200 psi at 100 degrees F.  The tank may also cause the relief valve to open and spill liquid propane onto the ground causing damage, injury and even a fire.

Truckcamper caught fire
Truckcamper caught fire